Human trafficking is one of the cross-cutting issues. It is a worldwide serious concern. Human trafficking is an illegal trade of human beings for sexual exploitation, forced labour, extraction of organs or tissues and so on. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), human trafficking is the recruitment or transportation of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of abduction, fraud or deception, or for the purpose of exploitation. It knows no gender, age, race and boundaries.
Victims are trafficked within a country or transnational. They are smuggled because they are forced to work as prostitutes, domestic servants, beggars, factory workers, mine workers, circus performers and child soldiers. It is like another form of slavery. The majority of trafficking victims are women and children because of marginalization in many societies and their limited economic resources. Besides them, other key target group include people from low income households, ethnic minorities, illiterate or people with low level of education, refugees, illegal migrants, children running away from home, and other members of split families are also prone to it. Women of forced marriage and early marriage, deserted wife, widows and discriminated daughters are easily victimized.
Our family was a happy family. There was only laughter in the family. Everyone envied our family but it did not last long when your grandpa passed away five years ago. Your grandmother started feeling that your parents paid no heed to her. Last night while you were sleeping, there were arguments. “Why?” he said.”I think there’re various reasons. Grandma, with age, is getting quick-tempered. Your daddy is busy at his business and your mom has to prepare documents on the computer for the next day. Due to their busy schedule; they did not have time to share each other’s problems.” said Naani. Last night when your daddy arrived late night, grandma said, “Why are you late nowadays? You neither pay attention to me nor to Kanchhu.I don’t want to see you late again.” He got angry and said, “Don’t bother me. I have to handle so many things .” “ Do you think I am nuisance? I don’t like to live with you any longer. I will go to my younger son’s house tomorrow.” She said. “Didn’t my mom say anything?” Naani gestured, “Your mom was furious too.” She just added, “ If you leave us now, never try to come back.” “What did grandma say?” “ Sure , I’ll never come back.” Dinesh’s eyes filled with tears. “I’ll never forgive my daddy and mom for this.” “Kanchhu, you shouldn’t say so. It’s so unfair. Remember what you promised before. Keep to your word. It’s not only your parents’ fault, it’s her too. The fault is on both sides.”
WWF Nepal Announced Applications for WWF Media in Conservation Award
The WWF Media in Conservation Award was established in 2007 and recognizes the transformational roles of media persons/organizations in highlighting conservation issues in Nepal. The role of media, whether print or electronic, is increasingly playing a key role in spreading the message of conservation. To encourage promising media persons and organizations in Nepal, each year WWF gives away this award to an individual or organization that best supports the value of conservation through their groundbreaking and inspiring work. The recipients of the WWF Conservation Awards are selected from the nomination received by an independent selection panel that comprises an eminent group of people and experts. The awardees receive citations and cash prizes-NRs 25, 000 for individuals and NRs. 50,000 for organizations.
Deadline for Application: 19 August 2013 Detailed information and nomination forms can be downloaded from www.wwfnepal.org OR are available at the following addresses:
1. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Project, Lelep, Taplejung. Tel: +24460081 2. Langtang National Park and Buffer Zone Support Project, Rasuwa, Tel: +10670187 3. Terai Arc Landscape-Corridors and Bottlenecks Restoration Project, Far Western Regional Forest Office , Dhangadhi, Tel: +91580359 4. Terai Arc Landscape-Protected Area and Buffer Zone Project, Sauraha, Chitwan 5. Phone no: +56 580359 6. Dudhakoshi Sub-Basin Project, Salleri. Tel: +38 520410 7. Indrawati Sub Basin Project, Salleri. Tel: 038-520410 8. Chitwan Annapurna Landscape, Pokhara. Tel: 061537771 All Hard copy nominations should be clearly addressed to: Conservation Awards 2013 c/o WWF Nepal PO Box: 7660 Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
How Do Animals Spend the Winter?
The weather gets colder, days get shorter and leaves turn color and fall off the trees. Soon, winter is here. Snow covers the ground. People live in warm houses and wear heavy coats outside. Our food comes from the grocery store. But what about animals?
Animals do many different, amazing things to get through the winter. Some of them “migrate.” This means they travel to other places where the weather is warmer or they can find food. Many birds migrate in the fall. Because the trip can be dangerous, some travel in large flocks. For example, geese fly in noisy, “V”-shaped groups. Other kinds of birds fly alone. How do they know when it is time to leave for the winter? Scientists are still studying this. Many see migration as part of a yearly cycle of changes a bird goes through. The cycle is controlled by changes in the amount of daylight and the weather. Birds can fly very long distances. For example, the Arctic tern nests close to the North Pole in the summer. In autumn, it flies south all the way to Antarctica. Each spring it returns north again. Most migrating birds travel shorter distances. But how do they find their way to the same place each year? Birds seem to navigate like sailors once did, using the sun, moon and stars for direction. They also seem to have a compass in their brain for using the Earth’s magnetic field. Other animals migrate, too. There are a few mammals, like some bats, caribou and elk, and whales that travel in search of food each winter. Many fish migrate. They may swim south, or move into deeper, warmer water. Insects also migrate. Some butterflies and moths fly very long distances. For example, Monarch butterflies spend the summer in Canada and the Northern U.S. They migrate as far south as Mexico for the winter. Most migrating insects go much shorter distances. Many, like termites and Japanese beetles, move downward into the soil. Earthworms also move down, some as far as six feet below the surface.
5. Imagine that a friend of yours living in London, United Kingdom has sent you a beautiful watch for your birthday gift. Write a thank you letter to him/her in about 100 words: 5
6.The following table shows the weather of Kathmandu for a week in winter. Write a description of it in about 100 words. 5
|Day||Maximum temperature (0c)||Minimum temperature (0c)|
7. Write a story in about 120 words. The beginning of the story is given. You might end the story anyway you like. Give a suitable title too. 6
Once there were a poor woodcutter and his wife living with two children near a dense forest …………….
8. Imagine that your community has insufficient water supply. The village/town council does not seem serious to solve the problem. Write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper addressing the issue. 8
9.Reproduce the following sentences as indicated in brackets: 6X1=6
a. I am always interested in learning new things, ……? (Supply the correct tag)
b. My uncle passed away last year. (Into negative)
c. It took unexpectedly long for me to complete this task. (Into ‘how long’ question)
d. When I reached there, he (just leave). (Put the verb in bracket in correct tense)
e. He asked me if I had seen him the day before. (Into direct speech)
f. They grew a beautiful garden in their backyard. (Into passive voice)
10.Complete the sentences below choosing suitable alternatives from the brackets: (Rewriting is not compulsory) 10X0.5=5
A cat remained hungry for a number of days. He…(1)….. (is growing/was growing/grows ) thin day by day. One day, he learnt that one of the birds of the neighboring house …(2)…… (was/were/is ) sick and the birds were looking for a doctor. The hungry cat devised …(3)….(a/an/the) way to manage his hunger. He got someone …(4)……(fetch/to fetch/fetched) a doctor’s gown and wore it. With a doctor’s bag he went to the sick bird’s house. The doctor cat gently …(5)…..( knocked/was knocked/had been knocked) at the door. The birds peeped out through the hole and enquired about the reason for his visit. In a very kind and humble note, Mr. Cat said , “I’m your neighboring doctor. I heard that you …(6)….(are not/were not/will not be) well ..…(7)… (so/because/although ) I have come to treat you.” As you know a doctor’s duty towards his patients is above everything ,…(8)…( isn’t that/isn’t it/aren’t they)? The birds were far smarter than the cat. They smiled cleverly and replied,” Thank you …..(9)… ( for/with/by) your kind gesture!” Had you not been a cat , all your utterances …..(10)…(would be/will be/would have been)absolutely right. And now, we can expect our wellbeing only when you are out of sight.
1.This question carries 5 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer.
d. women and children
2. A. Carries 5 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer.
c. annoying person
e. not right
2. B. Carries 5 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer.
a. Because it was a happy family.
b. As every member in the family had no time to talk to the grandmother.
c. Because the father was busy at his business, where as the mother had to prepare some documents on the computer.
d. He had to handle many things.
e. Father and mother.
3. A. This question carries 5 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer. The answers are:
3. B. This question carries 5 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer. The answers are:
a. An individual or an organization working in conservation / An individual or an organization
b. to encourage promising media person or organization
c. The selection panel/ an independent selection panel/ eminent group of people or experts
d. citation and cash prize
4. A. This question carries 7 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer. The answers are:
Geese – migrate in large groups.
Arctic tern- are found in the north in hot weather.
Whales- move from place to place for food.
Fish- usually move towards south.
Butterflies- can travel very long.
Monarch butterflies- live in northern US in summer.
Termites- shift below the earth surface
4.B. This question carries 8 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer. The answers are:
a. live in warm houses and wear heavy coats
c. to know how birds know the time to migrate
d. to/towards south e. using the sun, moon and stars
g. Insects/ moths and butterflies
h. 6 feet
5. This question carries 5 marks. Award marks as per the following criteria:
Format (interval pyramid style, bold title/name/name of school) – 1
Content – 2.5
Language (accuracy and style) – 1.5
6. This question carries 5 marks. Award marks as per the following criteria:
Content – 3
Language (accuracy and style) – 1
Comparison and contrast -1
7. This question carries 6 marks. Award marks as per the following criteria:
Title / Beginning -1
content – 2.5
Language (accuracy and Coherence) -1.5
Ending / moral – 1
9. This question carries 6 marks. Award 1 mark for each correct answer. The answers are:
a. I am always interested in learning new things, aren’t I?
b. My uncle did not pass away last year. c. How long did it take for me/you to complete this task ?
d. When I reached there, he had just left.
e. He said to me,” Did you see him yesterday?”
f. A beautiful garden was grown in their backyard.
10.This question carries 5 marks. Award 0.5 marks for each correct answer. The answers are:
1. was going
4. to fetch
10. would have been