The Road not Taken
Mr. Chairperson, respected teachers, and friends! I would like to thank Mr. Timilsina for giving me an opportunity to express my opinion on the burning issue ‘ the fewer the languages there are,, the easier the life will be’. Every year several languages die out. Some people think that life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world. I support this view.
As we know, the development of recent technology has a significant role to create a global village. People from any part of the world can communicate easily through internet. Due to the international importance of the English language, most people are reluctant to use their first language and are learning English. This shows that people prefer learning the language that helps them to communicate in the global village to their own language. Mr. Chairperson, using the same language would certainly aid understanding and global fraternity. People can communicate with one another without any problems. It unites all the people as global citizens. If everyone speaks the same language, there will be a clear understanding between not only countries but also people throughout the world. It would promote learning, the flow of information and ideas. For example, students don’t have to translate the text into their mother tongue to understand.
Ladies and gentlemen, economic growth is also possible by using single language as it can minimize various costs such as the cost of communication, translation, interpretation, etc. We won’t need interpreters in international conferences, seminars and workshops. Participants can easily express whatever they like in the language of common understanding. Thus, it can minimize the communication barriers and help international business, resulting in a healthier world economy.
3.Read the following text and do the tasks: 10
More Than 1,000 Died in South Asia Floods This Summer
By JEFFREY GETTLEMAN AUG. 29, 2017
MUMBAI, India — More than 1,000 people have died in floods across South Asia this summer, and as sheets of incessant rain pummeled the vast region on Tuesday, worries grew that the death toll would rise along with the floodwaters. According to the United Nations, at least 41 million people in Bangladesh, India and Nepal have been directly affected by flooding and landslides resulting from the monsoon rains, which usually begin in June and last until September. And while flooding in the Houston area has grabbed more attention, aid officials say a catastrophe is unfolding in South Asia. In Nepal, thousands of homes have been destroyed and dozens of people swept away. Elephants were pressed into service, wading through swirling waters to rescue people, and aid workers have built rafts from bamboo and banana leaves. But many people are still missing, and some families have held last rites without their loved ones’ bodies being found. “This is the severest flooding in a number of years,” Francis Markus, a spokesman for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, said by phone from Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital. Nepal’s flooded areas are the poorest parts of the country, where most families live in bare mud houses and rely on subsistence farming, he said. Those farms are now underwater, and thousands of people are stuck living under plastic tarps in camps for displaced people where disease is beginning to spread. (The New York Times )
Aunt Jane is now well over 70, but she is still a great cinema-goer. The cinema in our town closed down years ago and sometimes she has to travel twenty miles or more to see a good film. And once a month at least she goes up to London to see the latest foreign films. Of course she could see most of these films on television, but the idea does not attract her. “It isn’t the same,” she says. “For one thing, the screen’s too small. Besides, I like going to the cinema!”
One thing has always puzzled us. Although Aunt Jane has lots of friends and enjoys company, she always goes to the cinema alone. We discovered the reason for this only recently from mother. “It may surprise you to learn that Aunt Jane wanted to be an actress when she was young,” she told us. “She used to wait outside film studios all day, just to appear in crowd scenes. Your aunt has probably appeared in dozens of films – as a face in the crowd at a railway station or in the street! Sometimes she did not even know the name of the film they were making, so she couldn’t go to see herself at the cinema!
“All the time, of course, she was looking for a small part in a film. Her big chance came when they started to make a film in our town. Jane managed to meet the director at a party, and he offered her a role as a shopkeeper. It really was a very small part – she only had a few lines to say – but it was an important moment for Jane. Before the great event, she rehearsed for days. In fact, she turned the sitting room into a shop! We all had to help, going in and out of the shop until she was word perfect. And on the actual day she was marvellous. The director congratulated her. Jane thought that this was the beginning of her film career.
“Unfortunately, in the end, they did not include the shop scene in the film. But, nobody told Jane! When the film first appeared in London, she took all her friends to see it. And of course she wasn’t in it. It was a terrible blow! She stopped going to film studios and gave up the idea of becoming an actress. She still loves the cinema, as you all know, but from that day, she has always gone alone!”
Once there lived an old king with ….(1)…….prince (a/an/the) who was supposed to be the heir to the throne. The prince, however, did not pay any attention …(2)……..(for/in/to) the state affairs. He, with his friends ………(3)…. (is/was/were) involved in the activities that …(4)………. (are/will be /were) not suitable for a prince. He was hardly involved in the affairs that were good for the well being of the people,……(5)….…? (was he/wasn’t he/didn’t he). The king forbade him…(6)……..(to involve/not to involve/to involve not) in unwanted activities. ………..(7) (Although/In spite of/Because of) of his father’s warning, the prince did not give up his bad habits. As a result, one day a big protest …(8)……(organized/was organized/ will be organized) against him. This made the king…(9)…..(dismiss/to dismiss/ dismissed) him from the crown prince. If the prince ……(10)……. (listens/listened/had listened) to the king’s warning in time, he would have been enthroned to kingship.
a. in a yellow wood b. the other/ second (road) c. because it was less travelled/ wanted wear/ had the better claim. d. because no step had trodden them (that morning) e. not sure whether he would ever come back for the first road.
Expected Answers a – i, b – iv, c – i, d – v and e – ii
a. False b. True c. True d. False e. True
a. August 29, 2017 b. (the effects of) flood in South Asia c. 41 million d. spokesman for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Nepal. e. the spread of diseases
Content – 3 ,Language (accuracy and style) – 1 and Comparison and contrast – 1
Factual information/ content – 4 , Organization – 1 and Accuracy of language – 1
Content -4 ,Format / organization -2 and Language accuracy -2
a. City dwellers rarely have any leisure, do they? b. My dog eats flesh. c. How often Rita go to the cinema? d. She generally sings Nepali songs. But today she is singing and English song. e. I asked him what he was doing. f. My sister has given me this book.
Expected answers: 1. a 2. to 3. was 4. were 5. was he 6. to involve 7. in spite of 8. was organized 9. dismiss 10. had listened